High body temperature: when and how should it be lowered?
Increased body temperature is a symptom of many diseases that people are usually afraid of. However, doctors say that the most dangerous condition is the high temperature, not the actual symptom. Therefore, it is not necessary at the slightest increase to try to lower the temperature, it is worth giving the body time for an independent struggle for health. When and how should I adjust the body temperature?
What should I know about body temperature?
Normal body temperature – the indicator is quite individual, it depends on age and many other factors. For example, in children, especially newborns, the temperature is always a bit higher, this is the peculiarities of their physiological state. Indicator 37 ° C is the average value of normal and elevated temperature for humans. In the area of the hypothalamus there is a center of thermoregulation that responds to changes in the state of blood vessels, levels of hormones, the appearance of foreign substances in the blood by increasing body temperature. The critical temperature is higher than 40.5-41 ° C, when it is already dangerous to human life.
Increased body temperatureof the body has increased, this is an indication that the body begins to fight the disease, producing a special substance interferon. If it is too early to take an antipyretic drug, the production of interferon stops, and the resistance forces of the body are reduced. Often there is a paradox: the patient artificially lowers the temperature, and then give immunomodulators to stimulate the production of interferon. This situation is abnormal, and the drugs given to this person are absolutely superfluous. It is better to be able to correctly control the properties of your body.
The vast majority of modern physicians do not recommend lowering the body temperature, which is less than 38.5 ° C. However, there are indications that indicate a danger and a relatively low temperature. They include:
Seizures that previously occurred in a fever.
A bad transference of high body temperature due to the presence of certain chronic diseases.
Vomiting, nausea, severe headache, which appear even with slight increase in temperature.
If you have such symptoms, you should always consult your doctor.
Also, caution should be given to people with endocrine and cardiovascular disease. They need to timely reduce even a not very high temperature, because it can cause exacerbation of existing diseases.
How to reduce body temperature?
Today, the medical science recommends only two active substances for lowering the body temperature at home. This is paracetamol and ibuprofen. In this case paracetamol can be given no more than once every 6 hours, and no more than 4 times a day. Ibuprofen can be taken even less frequently: no more than once every 8 hours, and no more than 3 times a day. It is better to choose one-component drugs based on these substances, which may have different commercial names. At present, it is not recommended to reduce the temperature with acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) and analgin. They have many side effects, and in many countries they are generally forbidden to sell. Especially they can not be given to children.
Regarding the form of the drug, it can be a preparation in the form of pills, syrup and candles. It all depends on the patient’s age and other factors. For example, young children will only be able to drink syrup, and if you have human vomiting it is better to use candles. Also, put candles on babies, who are still difficult to force something to drink. Adults tend to prefer pills.
Also, it should be remembered that at high temperature of the body the patient is recommended to drink plenty of warm liquids. It may be tea, broth, compote, just warm water.
There are situations when high temperature body can not handle independently, at home. Then you should not delay, and urgently seek medical assistance.