Gastrointestinal bleeding: why does it occur and how dangerous it is?
Bleeding is not only external but also internal, and the gastrointestinal – one of the most dangerous among them. It is a serious complication of a certain disease of the gastrointestinal tract, such as ulcers, which can have fatal consequences.
Causes and symptoms of bleeding in the stomach and intestines
Usually, gastrointestinal bleeding is a complication of diseases such as ulcers, erosive gastritis, varicose veins of the esophagus and stomach, nonspecific ulcerative colitis. It can also occur due to the presence of polyps in the intestine, benign and malignant tumors in the organs of the gastrointestinal tract, and hemorrhoids.
Symptoms of this internal bleeding depend on the localization of its source and intensity. The most common signs of gastrointestinal bleeding include:
blood in fecal masses;
viscous, black feces with a sharp, unpleasant smell;
manifestations of shock with severe bleeding: tachycardia, pallor of the skin, sweating, confusion of consciousness;
signs of anemia in chronic bleeding: weakness, rapid fatigability, pallor, dizziness of the head.
How to detect gastro-intestinal bleeding?
Since this kind of bleeding arises due to the complications of gastroenterological diseases, it is necessary to seek help for the appearance of her signs to the doctor-gastroenterologist. You may also need a review of the proctologist. To diagnose, the following diagnostic procedures will be required:
Rectal examination of the rectum.
General blood test.
Analysis of feces on hidden blood.
Also, the doctor may prescribe additional studies. It is very important when a diagnosis is established that an analysis of a patient’s history is taken into account and that he has chronic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
What to do with gastrointestinal bleeding?
If there is at least the slightest suspicion of the presence of this type of internal bleeding, immediate medical attention should be sought, as the consequences of inactivity can be severe. Depending on the degree and location of bleeding, human health can be severely affected, and in the most severe cases, the patient’s death is likely.
Medicinal treatment of gastrointestinal bleeding includes renewal of lost blood, administration of hemostatic drugs and iron preparations for the prevention of anemia. Usually, the treatment is carried out in a hospital environment, and all the medicine gets sick through the veins or intramuscularly.
If the medication therapy is ineffective, the patient is shown a surgical operation, the purpose of which is to stop the bleeding.
An important role in the prevention of gastrointestinal bleeding is played by prophylaxis. It is necessary to observe the state of his health, and especially the development of chronic diseases. The most common cause of this type of internal bleeding is a poorly cured or completely untreated ulcer of the stomach and duodenum. This disease is now successfully subjected to medical therapy, provided that it is timely treatment with the help and faithful implementation of all medical guidelines.
We must remember that all of your existing chronic illnesses are a potential source of new health problems. Therefore, one can not forget about them; it is worth trying to keep your health and well-being under control. If there is such an opportunity, cure the disease, if not – remember it to prevent the emergence of such life-threatening symptoms as gastro-intestinal bleeding.