Diabetes mellitus: control the disease for the sake of life!
Diabetes mellitus is one of the most important socio-medical problems for Ukraine. According to the Ukrainian Diabetic Federation, every 12th resident of the country is diabetic: and only 50% of cases of the incidence are diagnosed. Today, November 14 – World Day for the Fighting of Diabetes: To raise global awareness of the population about diabetes, disease indicators, and prevention of illness – this is what the efforts of doctors, volunteers and community activists are aimed at. This day was founded with the support of the International Federation of Diabetes and the World Health Organization (WHO). Conduct mass events that help inform people about the disease on November 14 – on the birthday of Frederick Bunting, a Canadian doctor and one of the discoverers of homo globin.
Why Do People Have Diabetes: Types of Disease
Diabetes mellitus is a disease in which a person has an absolute or relative insufficiency of the insulin hormone. In most cases, the incidence of type 1 diabetes mellitus is hereditary: with this type of disease, the pancreas does not produce enough insulin hormone. This type of diabetes is also called insulin dependent, since a person has to control blood glucose levels throughout his lifetime and receive insulin injections.
Type 2 diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes is controlled by the use of sugar-lowering drugs, diet, physical activity checks, etc. Factors for the development of diabetes can be:
excess weight and obesity. It is overweight that often leads to the development of type 2 diabetes, as the body becomes less susceptible to glucose when it becomes obese (tolerance is developed). Penetration of glucose into muscle cells worsens, it accumulates in the blood and provokes the development of diabetes. Therefore, physicians focus on how important it is to eat properly, to have an active lifestyle and to avoid obesity.
inflammatory processes in the pancreas
viral infectious diseases
reception of a number of medicines.
How To Suffer From Diabetes: Symptoms Of A Disease
Diabetes of the first type, as a rule, develops in childhood. The second type of diabetes is the opposite: the risk of developing the disease increases with age. The main symptoms of diabetes mellitus type 1 develop rapidly enough:
the smell of acetone in the exhaled air man
frequent urges for urination
badly healing wounds.
At an extremely severe degree, a sharp increase in blood glucose levels and a diabetic coma may occur: a person in this condition needs urgent hospitalization. Type 2 diabetes can last for a long time without symptoms: it only bother the strong fatigability, which most people write down workload. It is precisely in the pre-diabetic condition that it is easier to avoid the development of a pathology if it is timely to begin treatment.
What to do with diabetes mellitus
If there is even the slightest suspicion of diabetes, you must contact the endocrinologist and go through the examination. It will be necessary to pass the glucose tolerant test, to pass the analysis of urine to sugar, etc. Performing clear doctor’s recommendations, taking medication and diet will help control the disease and prevent the development of complications: nephropathy (kidney damage), diabetic foot, mental disorders, etc. It is important to monitor the level of blood glucose, modern glucometers allow you to independently check the blood sugar even at home.