Alcoholism and heredity: Worth to be afraid of?
Aamily in w fhich one parent or both is a hard test for a child. The static shows that many children from families with alcohol abuse have psychological and physical health problems. But can alcoholism be passed on by inheritance, or does the child stretch to alcohol only under the influence of a bad example of adults?
Alcoholism and individual features of the organism
Many features of the nervous activity and metabolic processes in the body depend on genetics. Including – the ability to dispose of alcohol by the body under the influence of enzymes. Thus, the alcohol dehydrogenase enzyme transforms alcohol into toxin acetaldehyde, and the acetaldehyde enzyme is acetaldehyde toxin in water and acetic acid. The rapid work of both these enzymes promotes that a person can drink a lot of alcohol and not have a strong intoxication. But the more people drink alcohol, the faster the enzymatic system dies. And, the less active enzymes – the more intoxication and hangover.
Narcologists note that alcoholism develops more often in those people whose enzymatic system promotes faster intoxication. Their alcohol dehydrogenase enzyme translates alcohol slowly, and these people are more likely to get used to drinking alcohol. Moreover, independently of the reaction of the nervous system, a person can be merry and kind after alcohol, or vice versa – to fall asleep or to show aggression. Also inherited the ability to feel happy: it depends on the hormones of dopamine and endorphin. Hormones begin to be produced by the brain as a response to certain stimuli that give a person a sense of happiness and life satisfaction. For lovers of alcohol when taking alcohol, the development of dopamine in the brain increases by 4 times. Therefore, a number of individual characteristics that contribute to the development of alcoholism, and not the “gene” of alcoholism itself, can be passed on to inheritance.
A bad example of parents affects the development of alcoholism in children
In children born in a family of alcoholics, alcohol addiction may develop. If a mother drinks, especially before and during pregnancy, then the child already receives a dose of alcohol. If the father drinks, then the child is more likely to be healthy, but at the same time there is a high risk of “substituting” for alcohol on an example of parents. Childhood alcoholism is the most severe form of the disease. Because the child develops not only certain metabolic processes while drinking alcohol, but also stereotypes of communication, an idea of life, environment, etc.
What is the risk of adult alcoholism for a child
Even if a family drank somebody from an adult, it does not mean that the son or daughter will definitely become alcoholics. But for such a child it will be more difficult to integrate in society. In children growing in the families of alcoholics (or with one parent-alcoholic), distorted ideas about love, family relationships, ways to solve their own problems, etc. Such children can often react aggressively to a number of vital moments. Inadvertently joining the alcohol dependence of the parents, the child automatically receives the “status” of the son or daughter of an alcoholic.
Rejecting society, such a child often seeks to communicate the same “rejected”, builds his personal relationships with people of a certain type, often – alcoholics or drug addicts. Therefore, in the presence of a person suffering from alcohol in a family, it is very important to seek help from a specialist. This will help not only the drinker himself, but also his relatives and relatives who become hostages of the situation.