Why does caries appear: how to avoid problems with teeth
Caries becomes one of the most frequent causes of appealing to the dentist. Under the caries of the tooth implies the destruction of the enamel with further damage to the hard tissue of the tooth. Do not underestimate the “only small hole” in the tooth is dangerous: the pathological process will spread deep, cause complications, in the end, you can generally stay without a tooth.
Causes of teeth caries
Caries of teeth arises under the destructive action of bacteria on tooth hard tissues. Bacteria found in the mouth are attached to the surface of the teeth and damage the enamel: mainly caries is caused by streptococci. The development of caries depends not only on careful care of the teeth and oral cavity, but also on the resistance of the organism to bacteria and a number of other predisposing factors. Yes, it favors the development of bacteria in the oral cavity, and, accordingly, the formation of caries:
an excess of carbohydrates in food and a shortage of raw vegetables
lack of vitamins (hypovitaminosis)
deficiency in the body of fluoride, calcium and phosphorus
incorrectly formed teeth, the presence of curved teeth
diseases of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT).
How To Detect Caries: Symptoms Of The Disease
Sometimes the person himself can understand that he has a caries, noticing changes in his teeth or feeling pain. Dentists note that the tooth begins to get sick when the process is fairly started or the caries is complicated by inflammation of the soft tissues of the tooth (pulpitis). Often, a carious tooth can not be spotted by a person himself. Since the damage to the enamel is either insignificant or located in places that are invisible to the human eye.
Therefore, only a dentist can make a precise diagnosis. In the very initial stage, the spots and white foci of demineralization appear on the teeth (or one tooth), then the enamel darkens and becomes rough. The carious cavity (a hole in the tooth) is formed already at the second stage of the caries, when not only the enamel, but also the dentin underneath is struck. In the stage of deep caries, the inflammatory process extends beyond the limits of dentin and can lead to inflammation of periodontal tissues (periodontitis), the formation of purulent abscesses, jaw cysts, edema of the gums, flux.
Prevention of caries and other dental diseases
The teeth are to be told to us from the childhood. Therefore, to prevent caries, it is necessary to brush your teeth at least 2 times a day, 2-3 minutes, cleansing not only the front walls of the teeth, but also the internal surfaces, the space between the teeth and the tongue. It is desirable to use rinse aid for teeth, a dental floss (since it is sometimes impossible to remove residues of food between teeth simply by cleaning).
Keep track not only for what you eat (for vegetables it is useful for teeth, but sweets are harmful), but also for the temperature of food, its hardness. Too hot or cold food and drinks lead to the formation of microcracks on the teeth through which bacteria easily penetrate. Not to mention the clicks of the seeds with teeth, the habit of nibbling pencils and opening the teeth of the lid.
It is important for a stomatologist and it is necessary to walk twice a year with the aim of preventing dental diseases, and not only when the tooth is damaged. It is also necessary to take a dental stone and dental floss every six months: this procedure should be trusted only by specialists. Self-cleaning teeth with charcoal, soda, lemon peel, hydrogen peroxide, etc. may end not only with damaged enamel, but also burns. Do not forget to treat other diseases in a timely manner and maintain the body’s protective forces with physical training, proper nutrition, taking vitamin complexes, etc.