Increased muscle tone: which diseases can indicate their rigidity?
Rigidity of muscles is a steady and significant increase in their tone, resulting in which a person can not actually move the problem area of the body (by foot, hand, neck, etc.). This is not a disease, but a pathological condition that occurs due to problems in the functioning of the central and / or peripheral nervous system. Consequently, different, often very serious neurological diseases lead to rigidity of the muscles.
Possible causes of rigidity of muscles
For diseases, one of the symptoms of which is increased muscle tone, include the following:
Osteochondrosis This is the most common cause of rigidity of muscles. Due to degenerative disorders in the spine, he suffers from permanent overload, which can cause muscle spasms that are localized in the problem zone. That is, if problems exist in the cervical spine, the tone may increase just in the muscles around the neck. Different people can suffer from blades, across, and all because of the same cause – osteochondrosis.
Stroke Because of this disease in humans there is a violation of the brain, blood circulation, which leads to complete or partial paralysis in a variety of parts of the body.
Cerebral palsy Rigidity of muscles is one of the symptoms of this disease.
Meningitis, encephalitis. This is an infectious disease, through which the brain experiences a significant defeat, which, in turn, leads to violations such as rigidity of the muscles.
Tetanus This is a terrible infectious disease that has very high mortality rates. One of the manifestations of tetanus is the rigidity of most muscles, including the respiratory system, which often provokes the death of the patient.
In addition, Parkinson’s disease leads to increased muscle tone, as well as various injuries, resulting in displaced vertebrae, nerve injuries, and circulation disturbances.
Rigidity of muscles in infants
Increased muscle tone is often diagnosed in infants, which is a fairly natural and natural phenomenon during the first few months of a child’s life. However, parents should worry about the following:
The child moves a little.
Her knees are always tucked over to the torso.
She suffered major reflexes (swallowing, sucking, etc.).
This may be a sign of violations in the process of forming the peripheral nervous system. If the problem is not addressed in a timely manner, the baby may develop a lag in nervous, psychological and physical development. For the treatment of stiffness in the muscles, the child uses a comprehensive treatment, which includes medication, physiotherapy and massage.
How to deal with rigidity of muscles?
It must be understood that the increased muscle tone is not a disease, but a symptom. Therefore, the disease should be treated exactly as a result of this problem. In the case of successful therapy, rigidity will gradually disappear. However, one should realize that rigidity of muscles brings considerable discomfort and often pain to a person. Therefore, it is possible to help her deal with manifestations of increased tone with the help of drugs that remove inflammation, pain, spasm. Such drugs can only be prescribed by a doctor, usually a neurologist should contact this problem.
Physical therapeutic procedures that improve blood circulation in tissues, have anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects showed their effectiveness in the treatment of rigidity. Also, one can not neglect the therapeutic gymnastics and massage, which are prescribed after the removal of pain syndrome. They help to develop muscles, strengthen them, improve blood circulation and prevent the development of stagnant processes in tissues. In the period of remission, the patient may be assigned a spa treatment.
Increased muscle tone is a rather dangerous symptom, which should definitely pay attention and consult a neurologist about this.