Ulcerative Colitis: What causes the disease?
Ulcerative colitis is a chronic illness of the gastrointestinal tract, which inflames the mucous membrane of the colon. The full name of the disease is nonspecific ulcerative colitis (NNC). This illness can have serious consequences, therefore it is necessary to know about the causes of its occurrence, symptoms and variants of treatment.
Why is ulcerative colitis?
The exact causes of ulcerative colitis are not yet known, but doctors talk about the risk factors that affect the appearance of the disease. These include:
Hereditary factor. If one of the closest relatives has NNC, there is a high probability of a disease occurring with time and with a healthy family member.
Infections The development of inflammation of the colon can provoke human infection with bacteria such as Mycobacterium paratuberculosis, Listeria monocytogenis.
Autoimmune problems. It happens that the immunity of a person starts to work incorrectly, while the mucous membrane of the large intestine develops an antigen, which leads to chronic inflammation.
Stress. Some doctors and scientists argue that the development of ulcerative colitis is directly related to the presence of a person in stressful situations. It is noted that this illness is more often encountered among urban residents, especially the inhabitants of megacities with a high rhythm of life and constant stress suffer from it.
Symptoms of ulcerative colitis
NSAID manifestations are as follows:
Diarrhea, fecal mass with blood. Also, the chair is castious, not only with impurities of blood, but also mucus, pus, can have a sharp, unpleasant smell.
False urges for bowel movements.
Morbidity of the process of defecation.
Cutting, painful abdominal pains, often on the left side.
Worsening appetite, weight loss.
Breathing of the abdomen.
Problems with the work of the heart, kidneys and other organs due to dehydration.
Ulcerative colitis can also be manifested by such symptoms as the development of arthritis, conjunctivitis, stomatitis.
How to deal with ulcerative colitis?
NNC treatment can be medication, surgical and complex. Also important is the psychological support of the patient and a special diet. Patients with mild to moderate severity of NNCs are usually treated outpatiently, with severe hospitalization shown to be inpatient.
When fighting ulcerative colitis, a diet is very important. It involves an exception from the diet of raw vegetables and fruits, legumes, nuts, spicy, pickled, acidic, salty foods. All dishes should be boiled or cooked in steam, chop before use. In the diet of the patient should be present meat and fish of low-fat varieties, cottage cheese, egg white.
Surgical treatment is indicated if the conservative does not give the desired results, there is a risk of serious complications, the degree of damage to the colon is significant.
What are the complications of ulcerative colitis?
If ulcerative colitis is not treated, it is fraught with the following dangerous complications:
Depletion of the body, which can lead to death of the patient.
Perforation of the colon (through damage to the walls of the intestine), which may also be fatal.
Constriction of the rectum and colon, intestinal obstruction.
Colon cancer In ulcerative colitis, the colon can be infected almost completely, which is a significant risk factor for the development of cancer.
Most commonly ulcerative colitis remains a chronic disease with periods of exacerbation and remission that needs to be controlled. If it is not treated, it can be very dangerous for life.